Peter & Paul Fortress
Founded in 1703, the Peter & Paul Fortress is the oldest building in St.Petersburg. Its main use up to 1917 was as a political prison. Famous residents include Dostoevsky, Gorky, Trotsky and Lenin's older brother, Alexander. Most worth seeing is the Cathedral of Sts Peter & Paul, with its landmark needle-thin spire and the weather-vane on top in the form of Angel with a Cross.
The heart of St.Petersburg, the Palace Square, where the Winter Palace, the General Staff Building, the Building of the Ministries and centered on the impressive, 155 foot-tall Alexander Column. The Winter Palace served as the tsarist residence, which building nowadays belongs to the State Hermitage - the largest artistic, historical and cultural museum. It exhibits the paintings of Rubens, Rembrandt, Leonardo da Vinci, Titian and works of many other masters, relics of the past culture of many countries of the world.
Spit of Basil Island
The Spit (Strelka) was St.Petersburg's main port for over one hundred years, with the big reddish Rostral Columns serving as lighthouses. The Spit is bordered to the west by the white colonnaded Stock Exchange building with a great Neptune statue on top. The area remains an intellectual center, with the St.Petersburg State University, situated in the House of Twelve Boards, the Academy of Science.
This Square got its name from the magnificent St.Isaac's Cathedral, located in its center and one of the finest
architectural monuments of the XIX century. The Cathedral is the fourth greatest cupola cathedral in the world. It is
richly decorated with monolithic columns, paintings, mosaics, sculptures, marble and semi-precious stones. St.Isaac's Cathedral was the main cathedral of the Russian Orthodox Church until 1917. Monument to Nicholas I on the Square is notable for its innovative design, involving it balancing on just two legs.
This Square named after the first revolutionists in Russian history, who roused against autocracy and selfdom in Desember 1825 there. The original name of the Square is Senat's Square, because there are the yellow and white buildings of a former Senat and Sinod. In the middle of the Square there is a Monument of Peter the Great founder of St.Petersburg, the first monument in the country. The granite rock which serves as a pedestal was shaped as a see-wave. The snake under hind legs of the horse is symbolizes all Peter's enemies.
Arts Square is named after its cluster of museums and concert halls - notably the Russian Museum, the world's largest museum of Russian art and numbers nearly 400,000 works, the Ethnography Museum, representing all the ethnic cultures of the former USSR, the Large Hall of the St.Petersburg Philharmonia, venue for top classical concerts, and the Maly Theatre, the city's second fiddle to the Mariinsky for opera and ballet. A statue of Russian poet Pushkin stands in the middle of Arts Square.
Church on Spilled Blood
This important landmark was created as a memorial on the exact site where a terrorist Grinevsky from the revolutionary organization People's Will mortally wounded Tsar Alexander II, despite his reforms, on March 1, 1881, by tossing a bomb at his feet. The church was modelled after the over-photographed St.Basil's in Moscow's Red Square and its flamboyant Russian style by the architect Parland's project. It took 24 years to build and 27 to restore. It has boggling 7000 square meters of mosaics.
One of the first structures to be built in St.Petersburg and the construction site for some of the first ships of Russia's Baltic Fleet. It accommodated the Ministry of Naval Forces. The Admiralty was also fortified to be an extra defense for the newly obtained Neva delta. The caravel-shaped figure on the top of the gilded spire of the Admiralty is a famous St.Petersburg landmark. The Admiralty is the architectural and compositional center of St.Petersburg. Three main thoroughfares of the city converge here.
The main avenue of St.Petersburg, the centre of business, trade activities, cultural life, shopping, entertainment and
nightlife. Nevskiy becomes most beautiful where it has Kazan Cathedral on one side and the Dom Knigi book store on the other. In addition to the many churches of different denominations there are many more attractions around: the largest department store in the city Gostiny Dvor, the National Library of Russia, the monument to Catherine the Great, Anichkov Bridge with its beautiful statues and much more.
Alexander Nevsky Lavra
At the turn of the 20th century there were 16 churches in the monastery complex (founded by Peter I), of which 5 still survive: Holy Trinity Cathedral, the Church of the Annunciation, St.Lazarus' Church, St.Nicholas' Church and the Church of the Holy Mother of God "the Joy of all Mourners" which is over the monastery gates. The monastery complex comprises the Tikhvin and Lazarus cemeteries where the outstanding figures of Russian culture as Dostoyevsky and Tchaikovsky are buried.
The Yusupov Palace, build by Vallin de la Mothe in the Early Russian Classical style, represents a rare combination of an architectural monument and a temple of art. It was a residence of the wealthy and respected Yusupov family. The Palace is outstanding not only for its architectural and artistic merits, however, but also for the events that happened there in December 1916, with the murder of Gregory Rasputin.
The Smolny Ensemble includes a number of structures put up at different times. At the time of Peter I in the territory now occupied by the convent there was a tar yard ("tar" means smola in Russian). In the buildings of the convent was the first school for ladies known in Russia as the Smolny Institute for Ladies of Noble Birth. Smolny Cathedral, was originally created to house the monastic lifestyle of Elizabeth, the daughter of Peter the Great.
The Venice of the North wins the leading position in Russia in the quantity of bridges. There is no wonder, because the city is situated on more than 45 islands. St.Petersburg boasts over 500 bridges ranging from the very narrow pedestrian Lions and Bank chain bridges to the unique Medieval and Modern styled Bolshoi Okhtinsky Bridge and the giant drawbridges, which span the wide Neva River.
Soviet Memorials & Memorabilia
Although the Soviet Union no longer exists its 74 years left its mark on the face of the city. It is only a matter of time before all the socialist statues, slogans, and memorial plaques are removed, the names changed, and the Soviet-built buildings fall down. The most famous is the Cruiser Aurora moored in the Neva River, which fired the shot, which signaled the launching of the Revolution in 1917. In the Piskariovskoye Memorial Cemetery buried over 500 thousands victims of the Nazi Siege.
The Palace-and-Park Ensemble of Petergof (Petrodvorets) is a jewel of the Russian art, a town of parks, palaces, and fountains and often called as Baltic Versailles. In the past it used to be an exquisite summer residence of Russian tsars. Verkhniy (Upper) Garden and Nizhniy (Lower) Park, genuine masterpieces of landscape design, number over 150 fountains, 5 monumental cascades. On the territory of the reserve there are 9 working museums.
Pushkin (Tsarskoe Selo)
The Palace-and-Park Ensemble of Pushkin (Tsarskoe Selo) - a former country residence of Russian emperors - is a
fascinating monument of the world's architectural and gardening arts of the XVIII-XIX centuries. Its three parks occupy the area of 600 ha, on which over 100 architectural constructions rise: from magnificent palaces and grand monuments to intimate pavilions and park sculptures. Amber Room is one of the most interesting in art relation's rooms of Catherine Palace.
One of the most interesting suburban palaces in St.Petersburg, which belonged to Paul I and his family. The Pavlovsk Palace-and-Park Ensemble is a magnificent specimen of Russian classicism of the end of the XVIII and beginning of the XIX centuries. The landscape park, one of the largest in Europe, covers an area of 600 hectares, sprawling around gives a unique chance to admire the perfect architecture of the country.
The Palace-and-Park Ensemble of Lomonosov (Oranienbaum) was founded by Duke Menshikov. The estate was originally called Orienbaum (German for orange tree) as Menshikov had a hot-house orange orchard. The Grand Palace is significantly. Check out the Katalnaya Gorka Pavilion, an 18th century ski-lodge/roller-coaster starting point of sorts, and the Chinese Palace, baroque on the outside, rococo on the inside with only a wee bit o' Oriental in the almost-aptly named Small Chinese Room and Big Chinese Room.
The Gatchina Palace-and-Park Ensemble had many owners, but the last was Paul I. The Palace Park is the first landscape park in the history of Russia, was laid out near the Big and the Silver Lakes (atchitect Rinaldi). An underground passage led from the Grand Palace to the Lake. There are the Catherineveder Tower, the Forest Conservatory, the Venus Pavilion, the Ensemble of Monument Gates, the Square with Bastions and the Connstable Obelisk, The Birch-tree House, the Amphitheater and the Menagerie.
A small city, NW European Russia, on the small island of Kotlin in the Gulf of Finland. It is one of the chief naval bases for the Russian Baltic fleet, was founded (1703) by Peter I as a port and a fortress to protect the site of St.Petersburg, and it was the commercial harbor of St.Petersburg until the 1880s. The Sea Cathedral is truly known to be the symbol of Kronshtadt. The architect Kosyakov designed the Sea Cothedral, inspired by the Sophia Cathedral in Konstantinopol.
The city of St.Petersburg is an Open-Air Museum. There are more than 140 museums. The Hermitage, great art museums of the world, with no fewer than 3 million objects, it embraces everything from Scythian goldwork to Cubism, The Russian Museum's virtually unrivalled collection of Russian art mirrors the history of the country itself, from medieval icons and Stalinist Socialist Realism to modern installations. Peter & Paul Fortres is known as the "Russian Bastille", its golden-spired cathedral is the resting place of the Romanovs.
Theatres & Concert Halls
St.Petersburg's theatres are a celebration of beauty, refinement, good taste, and accomplished professionalism.
Outstanding stage design and costumes, powerfully acted performances, varied repertoires, - this is what one can expect when visiting St.Petersburg's theatres. In Mariinsky Theatre and Mussorgsky Theatre act one of the best troupes in the world, classical ballets and international operas. Alexandrinsky Theatre is the oldest drama theatre in Russia.
Parks & Mountain Ski/Snowboard Resorts
St.Petersburg is open modern city and among the other types of entertainment it offers a wide range of places for physical activities, relaxation and simply hanging out and having fun. Following the wise statement that says: leisure is just the change of activity you can choose where you want to spend your time: in a beautiful park or skiing/snowboarding in a countryside.